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Tailoring optical emission of silicon-vacancy centers in two-dimensional diamond nanosheets via a two-step oxidation approach

Bing Yang ,
Biao Yu ,
Jiaqi Lu ,
Haining Li ,
Zhaofeng Zhai ,
Xiaokun Guo ,
Nan Huang ,
Lusheng Liu ,
Xin Jiang
+ 1 authors fewer
Volume 3, Issue 1 (2023)
DOI: 10.1080/26941112.2023.2211074


Incorporating two-dimensional (2D) diamond nanosheets with fluorescent color centers exhibits great potential in the application of quantum sensing. However, color centers always show poor optical emission in chemical-vapor-deposited (CVD) diamond nanomaterials. To address this issue, Si doped diamond/graphite hybrid films were successfully fabricated in microwave-plasma CVD device. The films consist of diamond-core/graphite-shell nanosheets with high amount of diamond nanocrystalline particles. Two post treatments of acid oxidation and annealing in air were used to tailor photoluminescence (PL) of silicon-vacancy (SiV) centers. The SiV centers in the oxidized samples exhibit small PL increase compared with the as-deposited samples with SiV PL quenching. It is found that the graphite phase is selectively etched away with the presence of nanocrystalline diamond particles during the treatment of acid oxidation while the nanocrystalline diamond particles are efficiently removed with the presence of graphite using the air annealing method. Based on this result, a two-step approach of acid oxidation followed by air annealing was conducted to etch the non-diamond phase, forming diamond nanosheets. The SiV centers exhibit significant PL enhancement with a maximum value of 28 folds, compared with the single-step oxidized samples. The Raman and XPS results reveal that such PL increase originates from direct bonding of oxygen on the carbon. Therefore, our work provides a feasible approach to prepare 2D diamond nanosheets with high-brightness color centers.


Color center; diamond; photoluminescence; two-dimensional materials


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