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Composite-pulse enhanced room-temperature diamond magnetometry

Yang Dong ,
Jing-Yan Xu ,
Shao-Chun Zhang ,
Yu Zheng ,
Xiang-Dong Chen ,
Wei Zhu ,
Guan-Zhong Wang ,
Guang-Can Guo ,
Fang-Wen Sun
+ 1 authors fewer
Volume 1, Issue 1 (2021)
DOI: 10.1080/26941112.2021.1898792


The sensitivity of practical solid quantum sensing can be boosted up by increasing the number of probes. However, the effects of spin dephasing caused by inhomogeneous broadening and imperfect quantum control can reduce the fidelity of quantum control and the sensitivity of quantum sensing with the dense ensemble of probes, such as nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in diamond. Here, we present a robust and effective composite-pulse for high fidelity operation against inhomogeneous broadening and control errors via optimized modulation of the control field. Such a composite-pulse was verified on NV center to keep high fidelity quantum control up to a spectrum detuning as large as 110% of Rabi frequency. The sensitivity of the magnetometer with NV center ensemble was experimentally improved by a factor of 4, comparing to dynamical decoupling with a normal rectangular pulse. Our work marks an important step towards high trustworthy ultra-sensitive quantum sensing with imperfect quantum control in practical applications. The used principle is universal and not restricted to NV center ensemble magnetometer.


Quantum sensing; inhomogeneous broadening; nitrogen-vacancy centers; composite-pulse method


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